An Innovative Public–Private Mix Model for Improving Tuberculosis Care in Vietnam: How Well Are We Doing?
Citation: Do Thu, T.; Kumar, A.M.V.; Ramaswamy, G.; Htun, T.; Le Van, H.; Nguyen Quang Vo, L.; Thi Thu Dong, T.; Codlin, A.; Forse, R.; Crewsell, J.; Nguyen Thanh, H.; Nguyen Viet, H.; Bui Van, H.; Nguyen Binh, H.; Nguyen Viet, N. An Innovative Public–Private Mix Model for Improving Tuberculosis Care in Vietnam: How Well Are We Doing? Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2020, 5, 26.
Abstract: To improve tuberculosis (TB) care among individuals attending a private tertiary care hospital in Vietnam, an innovative private sector engagement model was implemented from June to December 2018. This included: (i) Active facility-based screening of all adults for TB symptoms (and chest x-ray (CXR) for those with symptoms) by trained and incentivized providers, with on-site diagnostic testing or transport of sputum samples, (ii) a mobile application to reduce dropout in the care cascade and (iii) enhanced follow-up care by community health workers. We conducted a cohort study using project and routine surveillance data for evaluation. Among 52,078 attendees, 368 (0.7%) had symptoms suggestive of TB and abnormalities on CXR. Among them, 299 (81%) were tested and 103 (34.4%) were diagnosed with TB. In addition, 195 individuals with normal CXR were indicated for TB testing by attending clinicians, of whom, seven were diagnosed with TB. Of the 110 TB patients diagnosed, 104 (95%) were initiated on treatment and 97 (93%) had a successful treatment outcome. Given the success of this model, the National TB Programme is considering to scale it up nationwide after undertaking a detailed cost-effectiveness analysis.
Author(s): Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Region(s): VIET NAM
Resource Type: Journal Articles